Original Research - Special Collection: African Hermeneutics

Isaiah 2:1–4 and insecurity in Nigeria: Towards building a non-violent society

Cletus O. Obasi, Philip M. Igbo
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 44, No 1 | a2789 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v44i1.2789 | © 2023 Cletus O. Obasi, Philip M. Igbo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 December 2022 | Published: 13 July 2023

About the author(s)

Cletus O. Obasi, Department of Religion and Cultural Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka; and Department of New Testament and Related Literature, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Nigeria
Philip M. Igbo, Department of Theology, Spiritan International School of Theology Attakwu, Enugu, Nigeria, Nigeria


Many societies in every era have engaged in efforts to resolve issues of insecurity and war and to create an environment for peace. Peace is a desirable value yearned for by many: but achieving peace is a difficult task. It is often marred by conflicts and wars, which militate against human and infrastructural development. Nigeria and many African countries are affected by conflicts and insecurity. During the period of Isaiah’s prophecy, people had their own leaps of conflicts and insecurity. Isaiah envisioned a world where people of all nations will reject war and adopt a non-violent approach to conflict resolution (2:1–4). He proposed Torah-Education and disarmament as a recipe to peace. Isaiah called for a rechanneling of the resources used in war into creating implements of agriculture for the well-being of humanity. Isaiah’s message of peace is quite ad rem to the realisation of security and peaceful co-existence in a multiethnic nation such as Nigeria. This article proposes a non-violent approach and peace education as a panacea to the problem of armed conflicts and insecurity in Nigeria. While the article does not negate the importance of defence and security, it calls for more investment in education and agriculture, which are key to human and infrastructural development.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article discusses how the integration of non-violent approaches in the fight against terrorism will influence terrorists to submit to reason and the achievement of sustainable peace and development.


Isaiah 2:1–4; insecurity; war; nonviolence; agriculture; peace education.


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