Original Research

Torah and prophecy: A debate of changing identities

Eckart Otto
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 34, No 2 | a799 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v34i2.799 | © 2013 Eckart Otto | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 October 2012 | Published: 04 September 2013

About the author(s)

Eckart Otto, Department of Old Testament Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Faculty of Protestant Theology, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich


The study interprets the postexilic book of Deuteronomy as a prophetic testament, which characterises Moses as the only arch-prophet (Dt 34). This was a position not of prophetic groups of the Second Temple Period, but of priestly scribes who were responsible for the postexilic redaction of the Pentateuch. They were in a discourse with postexilic groups and schools of prophetic scribes who denied the priestly theory of legitimate prophecy, especially in the book of Jeremiah, but also in Isaiah. The study highlights the discussion and draws some conclusions about postexilic circles of authors in Torah and prophecy.


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