Original Research

Trito-Isaiah, penitential prayer and apocalypticism

Pieter M. Venter
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 33, No 1 | a718 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v33i1.718 | © 2012 Pieter M. Venter | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 February 2012 | Published: 02 August 2012

About the author(s)

Pieter M. Venter, University of Pretoria, South Africa


An analysis of the research on the compositional development of Isaiah 56–66 indicates that theredefinition of Judean identity played a major role in the formation of these chapters. Scholarsvery often refer to the penitential prayer in Isaiah 63:7–64:11 to indicate this redefinitionof identity. A study of the background of these chapters shows that Hanson’s theory of adeveloping apocalypticism is usually upheld, whilst his identification of a Zadokite oppositionis either rejected or replaced by an acknowledgement that it is not possible to identify theseopponents. The suggestion of this article is that the term ‘qualified inclusivism’ can be used asthe mark of those responsible for this section of the book of Isaiah.


Trito-Isaiah; apocalypticism; apocalyptic; prayer


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Crossref Citations

1. Eschatology in Malachi: The emergence of a doctrine
Bob Wielenga
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