Original Research

Religion and violence in a globalised world

Wolfgang Huber
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 32, No 2 | a581 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v32i2.581 | © 2011 Wolfgang Huber | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 August 2011 | Published: 18 November 2011

About the author(s)

Wolfgang Huber, Chairman of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany, is Fellow of the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) and Honorary Professor of Theology at the Universities of Berlin and Heidelberg. He is further member of the German Ethics Council., Germany


Violent religious extremism is seen as one of the mega-problems of the 21st century. This article – based on a key lecture at the conference on ‘Violence in a democratic South Africa’ at the University of Pretoria and the David de Villiers memorial lecture at the University of Stellenbosch, both held during August 2010 – critically discussed the interaction between religion and violence in our present-day, globalised world. Three different propositions on the relationship between religion and violence were scrutinised. In countering the proposition that religion, or more specifically monotheism, necessarily leads to violence, it was argued that violence is not an inherent, but rather an acquired or even an ascribed quality of religion. The second proposition that religion leads to non-violence was affirmed to the extent that religions do provide a strong impulse to overcome violence. However, they also tend to accept violence as an inevitable part of reality and even justify the use of violence on religious grounds. The third proposition was regarded as the most convincing, for it argues that the link between religion and violence is contingent. Some situations do seem to make the use of violence inevitable; however, religions should refrain from justifying the use of violence and maintain a preferential option for nonviolence.


democratic South Africa; globalised world; nonviolence; religion; violence; monotheism


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