Original Research

Forgiveness in the intertestamental period

Sang-Mong Lee, Gerald T. Hughes, Francois P. Viljoen
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 33, No 1 | a484 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v33i1.484 | © 2012 Sang-Mong Lee, Gerald T. Hughes, Francois P. Viljoen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 November 2010 | Published: 15 February 2012

About the author(s)

Sang-Mong Lee, North-West University, South Africa
Gerald T. Hughes, North-West University, South Africa
Francois P. Viljoen, North-West University, South Africa


The article suggests answers to the following questions: what are the characteristics of God’s forgiveness in the intertestamental literature and what connection do these characteristics have with the Old Testament? Important passages in the late Second Temple period that expose the characteristics of God’s forgiveness, such as certain Qumran texts (1QH 12:35–37, 1QH 13:2 and the Damascus Document 14:18–19), the writings of Philo and Josephus, the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha, are investigated for this purpose.


Forgiveness; Intertestamental Period; Qumran; Philo: Josephus; Apocrypha; Pseudepigrapha


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