Original Research

Ondofolo’s leadership in Christian perspective: A study based on Papuan-Indonesian local wisdom

Fredrik Warwer, Devid R. Pontoan
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 44, No 1 | a2773 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v44i1.2773 | © 2023 Fredrik Warwer, Devid R. Pontoan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 November 2022 | Published: 22 September 2023

About the author(s)

Fredrik Warwer, Faculty of Theology and Christian Education, Sentani State Christian College, Papua, Indonesia
Devid R. Pontoan, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, Indonesia


Ondofolo is the highest customary leader in the order of the indigenous people of the Sentani tribe, Papua province, which is still in effect today. Ondofolo leadership is highly respected by the local community. This research was conducted to determine its leadership from a Christian perspective, using a qualitative exploratory approach. Data collection was carried out through participatory observation, interviews with Ondofolo and the head of the village customary court, and literature review. The research location was determined purposively in the Sentani customary area, data were analysed using triangulation. Ondofolo has values that are relevant from a Christian perspective, namely living righteously, full of wisdom and reason, and being able to manage his society, and having special attention that is carried out every day for his people. He is the highest leader among indigenous people, in his leadership always holding on to the Creator (God). Ondofolo’s leadership can be used as an alternative leadership model based on local wisdom that can be used both in society, government and even in the church, because it contains leadership values and relies heavily on God while leading.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This study contributes interdisciplinary aspects of contextual theology to Ondofolo’s leadership to give new meaning to that leadership from a Christian perspective. The results are useful in forming the basis of leadership for the people of Sentani, Papua and is used as an alternative model of leadership based on local wisdom in Indonesia.


Ondofolo; Christian leadership; local wisdom; Sentani; Papua.


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