Original Research - Special Collection: African Hermeneutics

Exclusionary and inclusionary tendencies: An African relook at Paul’s use of religious texts in Romans 9:26–29

Hulisani Ramantswana
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 43, No 1 | a2394 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v43i1.2394 | © 2022 Hulisani Ramantswana | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 October 2021 | Published: 20 January 2022

About the author(s)

Hulisani Ramantswana, Department of Biblical and Ancient Studies, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa


This article considers Paul’s use of Scripture in Romans 9:26–29 in dealing with exclusionary and inclusionary tendencies in view of the Jews-Gentiles dilemma. In his use of Scripture, Paul uses the concept of ‘seed’ as a link through which he draws various texts in developing his argument as to who is included or excluded within Israel. While it is crucial to observe how Paul utilises Scripture and exegetical traditions in developing his argument, it is argued that the Jews-Gentiles dilemma cannot be solved simply by paying attention to the biblical texts as the voices of the Gentile others also need to be considered.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article is an intersection of Second Temple interpretation and contextual reading of texts, thereby pointing to the importance of readers’ social location in reading of the biblical texts.


seed; exclusion; inclusion; Romans; scripture; traditions; African context


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