Original Research

Participatory eschatology: A challenge for dualistic and non-dualistic thinking

Danie J. Dreyer
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 41, No 1 | a2069 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v41i1.2069 | © 2020 Danie J. Dreyer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 November 2019 | Published: 17 August 2020

About the author(s)

Danie J. Dreyer, Department of Systematic and Historical Theology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


In the modern era, much optimism, other than biblical hope, dominates both secular and religious consciousness. Whilst critics scorn the apocalyptic hope of the Bible as an indication of ignorance and fear, the dualistic mind does not possess an operational system to deal effectively with concepts such as death and eternity. For a dualistic mind to move beyond words, ideas and rational thinking, the ‘negative’ way of a non-dualistic intuitive mind is also needed. Dualistic and non-dualistic thinking are jointly necessary to create a magnificent form of higher consciousness. Therefore, Jesus used in his teaching the non-dualistic thinking of parables to explain the meaning of the kingdom of God. A meaningful life in light of the age to come is an optimistic life. And an optimistic life is a faithful life in the presence of faithful and eternal God (I AM what I AM and I WILL BE whatever I WILL BE). Such faith as a radical trust in God is a loyal commitment of the self at the deepest level of the ‘heart’ (consciousness). A participatory eschatology is more than mere discussion (subject/object). Once the eschatological hope turns into participation (subject/subject), the eschatological promise becomes fulfilment and the fulfilment becomes a promise.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: The aim of this article is to rethink, within the discipline of systematic theology, our view of Christian hope (eschatology) in the light of the new consciousness of engagement between human beings and their cultural context. We draw perspectives from philosophy, sociology, psychology and the natural sciences.


eschatology; Christian hope; kataphatic; apophatic; dualistic thinking; non-dualistic thinking; evolution; consciousness


Total abstract views: 1565
Total article views: 2618

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.