Original Research

Advancing justice in the search for peace: An exegetical study of Micah 6:8 as a recipe for peace in Africa

Cephas T.A. Tushima
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 40, No 1 | a1961 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v40i1.1961 | © 2019 Cephas T.A. Tushima | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 December 2018 | Published: 28 October 2019

About the author(s)

Cephas T.A. Tushima, Department of Biblical and Ancient Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; and, Jos ECWA Theological Seminary, Jos, Nigeria; and, Evangelical Church Winning All (ECWA), Jos, Nigeria; and, Faculty of Theology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa

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Peace has been elusive to the greater part of the African continent. For peace to thrive in any place, certain fundamentals for societal cohesion must be entrenched in its social fabric. This essay studies Micah 6:8, with the aim of identifying such important biblical fundamental principles for societal peace. This article employs rhetorical analysis with the historical grammatical method of textual analysis to exegete Micah 6:8. The article begins with an exploration of the biblical concepts of peace and justice. It then exegetes Micah 6:8 in its historical and literary contexts, explaining the three critical demands of YHWH in the verse, namely, to act justly (both in the judicial administration of justice and in the maintenance of right relationships in the community), to love mercy (highlighting loyal loving commitment to God and the brotherhood in covenant) and to walk humbly with God (a basic call to discipleship). This is followed by an analysis of the African crisis situation, pointing out the similarities between the socio-economic conditions of Micah’s times and ours. Ultimately, these biblical principles are interconnected with the African situation, showing how the implementation of Micah’s justice agenda (employing the retributive, restorative and redistributive elements of justice) is a recipe for peace in Africa.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This essay challenges the approaches towards the pursuit of peace in Africa and calls for a biblical justice approach for finding peace. It works across the disciplinary fields of biblical studies, biblical theology, public theology and social justice.


peace; justice; Micah; Hesed; warlords; civil war; peace mediation; African crises


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