Original Research

The Deuteronomic view of history in Second Temple Judaism

Ananda Geyser-Fouche, Young Namgung
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 40, No 1 | a1805 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v40i1.1805 | © 2019 Ananda Geyser-Fouche, Young Namgung | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2017 | Published: 30 May 2019

About the author(s)

Ananda Geyser-Fouche, Department of Old Testament Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Young Namgung, Department of Old Testament Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

The Babylonian Exile was a historical catalyst compelling Jewish authors of the Second Temple period to deal with their respective situations in the course of history according to – or against – various predicaments from which they suffered in an unprecedented manner. Second Temple Jews were faced with the most fundamental uneasiness: it seemed that God abandoned his people owing to their breaking of the covenant. Therefore, it was important to reconceptualise their worldview into which creation, history, and covenant could be incorporated and which could vouchsafe the ongoing relationship with God to their respective situations.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: In this article, the worldview of Second Temple Judaism is reflected on by observing how different communities in Second Temple Judaism engaged the Song of Moses in Deuteronomy 31–32. This article focusses on the interpretations of this passage in Second Temple Judaism, with specific reference to selected texts from Qumran, Tobit, the Testament of Moses, Philo, Josephus and Sifre Deuteronomy. Implicated disciplines are Old Testament studies, Apocryphal studies, Dead Sea Scroll studies and New Testament studies.


Keywords

Second Temple Judaism; exile; worldview; the Deuteronomic view of history; Qumran; Tobit; Song of Moses; Testament of Moses; Philo; Josephus; Sifre Deuteronomy

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