Original Research

Trying for better circumstances (Zama Zama): Exploring ubuntu amongst marginalised women in an informal settlement

Retha Kruidenier
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 36, No 2 | a1433 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v36i2.1433 | © 2015 Retha Kruidenier | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 February 2015 | Published: 18 June 2015

About the author(s)

Retha Kruidenier, Department of Practical Theology, University of Pretoria, South Africa


This article explores possible experiences of ubuntu in the Zama Zama informal settlement. Postfoundational practical theology and the narrative approach function as paradigm and methodology. Themes and/or discourses like poverty, violence, xenophobia and the role of the local church were identified, but ubuntu is not always visible as a lived reality amongst the members of the community. The church is an exception. Women play a leading role in the congregation and it is in the church where ubuntu values are visible and experienced.


ubuntu, women, narrative research, postfoundational practical theology


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