Original Research

Philippians 4:1-9 from a rhetorical perspective

AH Snyman
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 28, No 1 | a106 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v28i1.106 | © 2007 AH Snyman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2007 | Published: 17 November 2007

About the author(s)

AH Snyman, University of the Free State

Full Text:

PDF (109KB)


The aim of this article is to analyse Philippians 4:1-9 from a rhetorical perspective that differs from the typical approach of researchers, who tend to force ancient rhetorical categories on the letter . Using a text-centred approach, it is argued that the dominant
rhetorical strategy in this section could be described as: “Urging the Philippians to live the gospel”. The section is divided into three phases, namely 4:1 (commanding the Philippians to stand firm for the sake of the gospel); 4:2-3 (calling on certain individuals to be
united in their work for the  gospel); and 4:1-9 (commanding the Philippians to practise certain key characteristics of the Christian life). The section and its phases are demarcated by rhetorical considerations.    In analysing the rhetorical strategies and techniques in 4:1-9 the focus is on the way Paul argues, on the type of arguments he uses and on the rhetorical techniques that could enhance the impact of his communication.  All these strategies and techniques serve to persuade the Philippians to live the gospel, in response to a situation where they were experiencing serious problems and were tempted to abandon their struggle.


No related keywords in the metadata.


Total abstract views: 3519
Total article views: 6652


Crossref Citations

1. Transformasi Wawasan Dunia Marapu: Tantangan Pembinaan Warga Gereja Di Sumba
Johanis Putratama Kamuri
Evangelikal: Jurnal Teologi Injili dan Pembinaan Warga Jemaat  vol: 4  issue: 2  first page: 131  year: 2020  
doi: 10.46445/ejti.v4i2.257