Original Research

Religious fundamentalism: Aspects of a comparative framework of understanding

J S Kr
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 27, No 3 | a192 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v27i3.192 | © 2006 J S Kr | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 September 2006 | Published: 30 September 2006

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Abstract

The article presents the outline of a comparative framework for the understanding of religious fundamentalism. The argument is developed around the interrelated aspects of macro-historical religious context, socio-religious context, and the context of religious tradition as a primary dimension of religion. In those overlapping contexts, the possibility of fundamentalism is explained with refe-rence to pre-disposing, precipitating and perpetuating conditions. In terms of the dimension of religious tradition, fundamentalism is expounded in terms of the following three aspects: education, inter-pretation and identity-definition. Fundamentalism emerges as an awkward mix (not a creative synthesis) of traditional and modernist elements in the present breach - with its peculiar characteristics, crises and threats - between epochs.

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