Original Research

Die Hellenisties-Romeinse w

M. Nel
Verbum et Ecclesia | Vol 23, No 2 | a1214 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v23i2.1214 | © 2002 M. Nel | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 August 2002 | Published: 07 August 2002

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The Hellenistic and Roman world and the origin of the apocalypticism and gnosticism
The world view and culture created by the oikoumene of the Hellenistic-Roman era (331 BC to early fourth century AD) was conducive to the rise of several philosphico-religious movements, like Mithraism and other mystery religions; Stoicism, Epicureanism and Middle Platonism; apocalypticism and wisdom literature in Hellenistic Judaism and Gnosticism. These movements have in common that they originated in a world defined by change and insecurity, leading to an attitude of alienation, despair and agony amongst many people. These people looked for a soter, and the philosophico-religious movements offered such soteria, salvation from an alien and evil world and entrance to a new world. Jewish apocalypticism flourished during the period from the third century BC to the first century AD, when orthodox rabbi


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