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Manichaeism: Its sources and influences on Western Christianity

Johannes van Oort

Verbum et Ecclesia; Vol 30, No 2 (2009), 5 pages. doi: 10.4102/ve.v30i2.362

Submitted: 26 November 2009
Published:  16 December 2009


The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it will discuss the origins of Manichaeism, a gnostic-Christian world religion that was founded by the prophet Mani (216-276). My discussion of the origins of Manichaeism may serve as an excellent example to illustrate what ‘Gnosis’ or ‘Gnosticism’ actually was. Second, the paper will outline how Manichaeism, being an alternative form of Christianity and even an alternative Christian Church, seemed to have exercised a considerable infuence on Catholic Christianity.

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Author affiliations

Johannes van Oort, Faculty of Theology, Chair for Ecclesiastical History, Utrecht, Netherlands


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ISSN: 1609-9982 (print) | ISSN: 2074-7705 (online)

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