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Original Research

Personal encounters with children in an informal settlement: Exploring spirituality

Retha Kruidenier

Verbum et Ecclesia; Vol 38, No 1 (2017), 8 pages. doi: 10.4102/ve.v38i1.1632

Submitted: 03 May 2016
Published:  28 February 2017


This article explores the factors that contribute to the children living in Zama Zama informal settlement’s spiritual development. Postfoundational practical theology and the narrative approach function as paradigm and methodology. Themes and/or discourses like power, poverty, nutrition, health and school enrolment were identified. The faith development theory is discussed, as well as a reflection on children’s spirituality. The research shows that the faith community, crèche and other partners play a crucial role in the spiritual development of the children.

Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This study was performed in the field of practical theology. The article is interdisciplinary, covering the fields of religion, psychology, social work, sociology and health studies.

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Author affiliations

Retha Kruidenier, Department of Practical Theology, University of Pretoria, South Africa


Informal settlement; children; spirituality; narrative inquiry


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ISSN: 1609-9982 (print) | ISSN: 2074-7705 (online)

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