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Trying for better circumstances (Zama Zama): Exploring ubuntu amongst marginalised women in an informal settlement

Retha Kruidenier

Verbum et Ecclesia; Vol 36, No 2 (2015), 7 pages. doi: 10.4102/ve.v36i2.1433

Submitted: 20 February 2015
Published:  18 June 2015


This article explores possible experiences of ubuntu in the Zama Zama informal settlement. Postfoundational practical theology and the narrative approach function as paradigm and methodology. Themes and/or discourses like poverty, violence, xenophobia and the role of the local church were identified, but ubuntu is not always visible as a lived reality amongst the members of the community. The church is an exception. Women play a leading role in the congregation and it is in the church where ubuntu values are visible and experienced.

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Author affiliations

Retha Kruidenier, Department of Practical Theology, University of Pretoria, South Africa


ubuntu, women, narrative research, postfoundational practical theology


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1. Personal encounters with children in an informal settlement: Exploring spirituality
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Verbum et Ecclesia  vol: 38  issue: 1  year: 2017  
doi: 10.4102/ve.v38i1.1632

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ISSN: 1609-9982 (print) | ISSN: 2074-7705 (online)

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