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Ancient Egyptian Ma‘at or Old Testament deed-consequence nexus as predecessors of ubuntu?

Gerlinde Baumann

Verbum et Ecclesia; Vol 36, No 2 (2015), 4 pages. doi: 10.4102/ve.v36i2.1429

Submitted: 18 February 2015
Published:  19 June 2015


The Ancient Egyptian concept of Ma‘at shows some analogies to the concept of ubuntu. Both concepts seem to presuppose that people in a given society are willing to act for each other. In Bible exegesis, the concept of Ma‘at has attracted interest in connection with the Old Testament deed-consequence nexus (i.e. good consequences follow good deeds). The article looks at significant parallels between ubuntu, Ma‘at and the deed-consequence nexus. Its aim is to outline questions that have been discussed in the context of those two ancient concepts and that could be helpful for future research on ubuntu.

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Author affiliations

Gerlinde Baumann, Altes Testament, Evangelische Theologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany


Ma'at; Deed-Consequence Nexus; Ubuntu


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ISSN: 1609-9982 (print) | ISSN: 2074-7705 (online)

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